IHL Links

This section includes a comprehensive database of IHL related links.
We would like to thank Mr. Zach Schenk for his assistance in building the database.

Treaties and Sources of Law

TreatiesDescription
Additional Protocol (I) Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977 Entered into force December 7, 1978 
Additional Protocol (II) Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 8 June 1977 Entered into force December 7, 1978 
Additional Protocol (III) a. Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III), 8 December 2005 Entered into force January 14, 2007 
Anti-Personal Mine Ban Convention Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, 1997 Entered into Force March 1, 1999 
Biological Weapons Convention Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, 1972 Entered into Force March 26, 1975 
CCW Amendment Convention on the Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be excessively injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects, 2001 Entered into Force May 18, 2004 
CCW Protocol (i) Protocol on Non-Detectable Fragments, 1980 Entered into Force December 2, 1983 
CCW Protocol (ii) Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-traps and other Devices, 1980 Entered into Force December 2, 1983 
CCW Protocol (ii) Amended Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and other devices as amended on May 3, 1996 Entered into Force December 3, 1998 
CCW Protocol (iii)  Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Incendiary Weapons, 1980 Entered into Force Condemner 2, 1983 
CCW Protocol (iv) Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons, 1995 Entered into Force July 30, 1998 
CCW Protocol (v) Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War, 2003 Entered into Force November 12, 2006 
Chemical Weapons Convention Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, 1993 Entered into Force April 29, 1997 
Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property Convention for the Protection of the Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention, 1954 Entered into Force August 7, 1956 
Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have indiscriminate Effects, 1980 Entered into Force December 2, 1983 
Convention on Cluster Munitions Convention on Cluster Munitions 2008 Entered into Force August 1, 2010 
Convention on the Rights of the Child Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989 Entered into Force September 2, 1990 
Environmental Modification Techniques n. Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any Hostile use of Environmental Modification Techniques, 1976 Entered into Force October 5, 1978 
First Protocol for the Convention on Cultural Property Convention for the Protection of the Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention, 1954 Entered into Force August 7, 1956 
Geneva Convention (I) Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949 Entered into force October 21, 1950  
Geneva Convention (II) Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. Geneva, 12 August 1949 Entered into force October 21, 1950 
Geneva Convention (III) Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949. Entered into force October 21, 1950 
Geneva Convention (IV) Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949 Entered into force October 21, 1950 
Geneva Gas Protocol Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other gases, and Bacteriological Methods of Warfare 1925 Entered into Force February 8, 1928 
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 2000 Entered into Force February 12, 2002 
Rome Statute Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) of Justice, 1998 Entered into Force July 1,2002 
Second Protocol for the Convention on Cultural Property Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, 1999 Entered into Force March 9, 2004 
Showing 27 items from page Treaties sorted by Treaties. View more »


Research Centers and NGO

NameLinkDescription
Human Rights Center University of California Berkley The Human Rights Center works to educate people on how to be Human Rights researchers and advocates. 
Human Rights Treaties The Fletcher School, Tufts University A collection of Human Rights treaties organized by the Fletcher School. The treaties are on the site in their entirety 
International Association of Penal Law International Association of Penal Law I. Devoted to the study of criminal law and its exchange of idea the website has publications which are released; however a username is necessary for parts of it. Their main fields include: criminal policy and the codification of penal law, comparative criminal law, human rights in the administration of criminal justice, international criminal law 
International Criminal Justice Human Rights Centre, University of Nottingham The site I. Contains projects that have to do with international criminal law. These include research, knowledge transfer, and implementation for the International Criminal Court on the national level (such as TRC’s in Sierra Leone). The Centre also has publications that can be read  
International Humanitarian Law Human Rights Law Centre, University of Nottingham While the website doesn't seem to have been updated recently, there are links to publications that the Centre has published 
International Human Rights Law Institute DePaul University The Institute aims to train future professionals in knowledge about the law human rights as well as how to conduct legal research on the issue. On their website can be found links to regional studies as well as their publications 
Netherlands Institute of Human Rights Utrecht University I. Part of Utrecht’s Universities law school, the Institute of Human Rights offers those interested abilities to both study and to research as well as organizing events. Further the Institute releases publications including access to dissertations and books (for a price) and their free newsletter. 
Rules of Warfare and Arms Control The Fletcher School, Tufts University A collection of treaties pertaining to International Humanitarian Law and Arms Control composed by Tufts University and on their website in their entirety 
Transnational Criminal Law Boston University School of Law, Pappas Law Library I. A collection of links that directs users to informational pages on numerous topics such as “War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity”, “War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity Courts” and “Terrorism” 
War Crimes Research Center Case Western Reserve School of Law I. The Center has access to numerous access points to international humanitarian law and international criminal law. Including direct links to websites, research memoranda for the major International Criminal Tribunals (ICTY, ICTR, SCSL, etc.), research guides on different issues, and academic articles 
War Crimes Study Center University of California, Berkeley  I. At the University of Berkley, the Center works to promote the rule of law, accountability, and human rights by monitoring courts, doing research in archives, doing educational and civil outreach programs. 
Showing 11 items from page Research Centers sorted by Name. View more »


International Criminal Law

NameLinkDescription
ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia The website for the ICTY. It has press briefings as well details on the past and ongoing cases. The ICTY was established in 1993 
ICTR International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda  The website of the ICTR. It has press briefings as well details on the past and ongoing cases. The ICTR was established on November 4, 1994 
Crimes of War database Crimes of War The website can be broken down into regions as well as individual topics in the commentary section. As well as an alphabetical glossary of Terms (general), Legal definitions (general), and crime definitions (specific to IHL). All of which direct to specific articles on the subject 
Human Rights Law Centre University of Nottingham; Human Rights Law Centre-- International Criminal Justice Unit Sponsored by the University of Nottingham, the website contains projects that have to do with international criminal law. These include research, knowledge transfer, and implementation for the International Criminal Court on the national level (such as TRC’s in Sierra Leone). The Centre also has publications that can be read  
War Crimes Study Center University of Berkeley, California: War Crimes Study Center I. At the University of Berkley, the Center works to promote the rule of law, accountability, and human rights by monitoring courts, doing research in archives, doing educational and civil outreach programs 
War Crimes: Special Tribunals New England Law, Boston, International Criminal Justice This part of the website provides links to different websites (Governments, NGO's, Courts, etc.) the provide information regarding the different tribunals 
International Crimes Human Rights Network International The HRNI is a group that organizes different informational websites for specific subjects. This section of their website focuses specifically on International crimes 
International Criminal Jurisdictions Human Rights Network International The HRNI is a group that organizes different informational websites for specific subjects. This section of their website focuses specifically on International criminal jurisdictions 
Jus cogens: Recent developments in International Law Jus Cogens A collection of scholarly articles for users to read. There are also links to different International Law journals, IGO’s, treaties, and court opinions 
Journal of Criminal Justice Oxford Journal of Criminal Justice The aim of the journal is to address new issues that are arising in the spectrum of International Criminal Law. It has articles, address issues that arise from International Criminal Tribunals, issues of an international nature that are brought before national courts, and book reviews 
War Crimes Prosecution Watch Public International Law and Policy Group A bi-weekly newsletter that takes from major news publications and publishes them in email updates. Areas of focus are on specific countries such as Egypt, Libya, Burma, South Sudan, and others 
War Crimes Research Portal Case Western Reserve, Frederick K. Cox International Law Center--War Crimes Research Resources The Center has access to numerous access points to international humanitarian law and international criminal law. Including direct links to websites, research memoranda for the major International Criminal Tribunals (ICTY, ICTR, SCSL, etc.), research guides on different issues, and academic articles 
International Criminal Justice: Core Insturments New England Law, Boston: Core Instruments  This part of the website provides links to websites that contain the treaty background to international institutions and special tribunals 
International Criminal Court (ICC) New England Law, Boston: International Criminal Court (ICC) This part of the website provides links to different websites that are pertinent to the functions of the ICC. Including the ICC's website, the UN's website and different academic institutions 
Showing 14 items from page International Criminal Law sorted by edit time. View more »


International Human Rights Law

NameLinkDescription
Amnesty International Amnesty International Information on general categories of human rights that have links to them. The ones that seem most relevant are those on torture as well as armed conflict.  
Crimes of War Project Crimes of War Database The website can be broken down into regions as well as individual topics in the commentary section. As well as an alphabetical glossary of Terms (general), Legal definitions (general), and crime definitions (specific to IHL). All of which direct to specific articles on the subject 
Human Rights Law Electronic Information Service for International law (From the ASIL) A collection of links organized by the American Society of International Law pertaining to different parts of Human Rights Law 
Human Rights Watch Human Rights Watch An organization that works to look out for violations of human rights for people across the world and to pressure those with power into taking action into stopping the violations. It publishes reports on numerous issues which can be found on the website 
International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) International Federation for Human Rights An international group of human rights groups that work together to raise awareness of issues in times of armed or political conflict, and in closed off states. The FIDH works to conduct independent fact finding missions on issues in order to raise awareness.  
International Human Rights Law  United Nations Documentation An online database organized by the UN that categorizes actions and discussions of international law in different bodies. Whether it be the General Assembly, Security Council, or International courts (ICJ, ICC, and other tribunals) as well as a direct link to the UN’s treaty database or to research guides 
Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights The UN’s current human rights body, it works to promote human dignity for all people throughout the world. The site has links to their numerous committees and reports. 
Showing 7 items from page International Human Rights Law sorted by Name. View more »


Terrorism

NameLinkDescription
International Federation for Human Rights International Federation for Human Rights An international group of human rights groups that work together to raise awareness of issues in times of armed or political conflict, and in closed off states. The FIDH works to conduct independent fact finding missions on issues in order to raise awareness.  
Oxford Journals Journal of Conflict and Security of Law A journal that addresses contemporary issues of international law.  
Terrorism New England Law, Boston: Terrorism This part of the website provides links to different websites concerning the U.S. and the U.N. and their efforts to combat terrorism 
Human Rights and Terrorism Human Rights Network International The HRNI is a group that organizes different informational websites for specific subjects. This section of their website focuses specifically on Terrorism 
War Crimes and Terrorism U.S. Library of Congress i. Established in 1832 the Law Library of Congress has collections of different kinds of law and articles about them as a way to have material that is readily available for people to learn from 
Crimes of War database Crimes of War The website can be broken down into regions as well as individual topics in the commentary section. As well as an alphabetical glossary of Terms (general), Legal definitions (general), and crime definitions (specific to IHL). All of which direct to specific articles on the subject  
Jus cogens: Recent developments in International Law  Jus Cogens A collection of scholarly articles for users to read. There are also links to different International Law journals, IGO’s, treaties, and court opinions  
Boston School of Law Fineman and Pappas Law Libraries A collection of links that directs users to informational pages on numerous topics such as “War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity”, “War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity Courts” and “Terrorism” 
Showing 8 items from page Terrorism sorted by edit time. View more »

Blogs

Blog NameDescription
American Society of International Law American Society of International Law Written by the ASIL, it links to many different sites such as the ASIL forums, International law in brief, ASIL Unbound, and ASIL Cables 
Armed Groups and International Law Armed Groups and International Law A blog that works to formulate discussion for the purpose of knowledge sharing for those who do work related to armed groups 
Beyond the Hague Beyond the Hague A collection of articles pertaining to criminal law, all of the articles are written by ex-employees of the Hague 
Blog of European Journal of International Law  Blog of European Journal of International Law The blog that is connected to the European Journal of International Law 
British Red Cross Blog British Red Cross Blog The Blog for the British Red Cross, it covers areas of humanitarian work across the world 
Diane Marie Amann's Blog Diane Marie Amann's Blog A blog covering many topics written by Diane Amann, the Emily and Ernest Woodruff Chair of International Law at the University of Georgia 
Enough Project Enough Project A blog that details the fight against Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide 
European Convention on Human Rights European Convention on Human Rights A blog that tracks issues pertaining to the European Convention on Human Rights 
Humanity in the Midst of War Humanity in the Midst of War A blog that aims to pass on understanding of international Humanitarian Law and its applicability around the world 
Intercross Blog Intercross Blog A blog that focuses on the plight of children, women and men affected by armed conflict and violence, humanitarian action. the ICRC and international humanitarian law 
International Law Girls International Law Girls A collection of subjects written by women professionals in the field of international law 
Just Security Just Security A blog that focuses on the U.S. and national security issues and policies 
Lawfareblog.com Lawfareblog.com A blog dedicated to actions taken or contemplated to protect the nation interact with the nation’s laws and legal institutions. 
Opinio Juris Opinio Juris A blog with regular updates that covers many areas of international law 
The International Criminal Law Bureau The International Criminal Law Bureau A website that documents current issues for international criminal law, written by people who used to work in major tribunals such as the ICTY and ICTR 
UN Dispatch  UN Dispatch  A website that follows different issues that the UN is covering 
U.S. Library of Congress Blawgs Archive U.S. Library of Congress Blawgs Archive A collection of Blogs organized by the Library of Congress, it has links to many different sections of law 
Showing 17 items from page Blogs sorted by Blog Name, Description. View more »