July 2014 - Operation "Protective Edge" & IHL


Dear friends,

These are days of a high intensity armed conflict between Israel and Hamas. The heart of the conflict takes place in the Gaza Strip where over 1,000 persons are estimated to have died and many more have been injured. On the Israeli side milions of Israelis are forced to find shelters as more than half of the State is under constant indiscriminate rocket attacks.

The current conflict, titled operation "Protective Edge", raises many legal questions in the field of international humanitarian law - questions about collateral damage and proportionality, legitimate targets (including residential buildings and hospitals), issues of perfidy as well as questions regarding Israel's obligations to supply water and electricity to the Gaza Strip. This issue of the ALMA newsletter is focused on operation "Protective Edge" and IHL.

I would like to invite you to submit questions, join the ongoing discussions and initiate new ones on our facebook page. Questions can be submitted to info@alma-ihl.org, on our facebook page or to our twitter account (using #askIHL).

In order to join our mailing list please send your name and email address to info@alma-ihl.org


Ido Rosenzweig

ALMA Chairman.

ALMA'S Q&A on "Protective Edge"

Click on the links in order to view and join the answers and discussion:

(2) Q: Whom will make the determination that the attack has been proportional or not?

(3) Q: Did Israel violate international law by placing a blockade/siege on the Gaza Strip?

(4) Q: Are Hamas fighters entitled to POW status?

for more questions visit our facebook page

ALMA'S Interviews and Articles

(1) Protective Edge Opration and IHL: Ido Rosenzweig, Radio All for Peace (Hebrew)

(2) Questions of legal warfare: Ido Rosenzweig on Times of Israel

Articles on "Protective Edge"

(1) An op-ed about Ron Dremer, Israel's ambassador to the United States and IHL proportionality: Zeke J. Miller on Times of Israel.

(2) Israel Says That Hamas Uses Civilian Shields, Reviving Debate: Anne Barnard and Jodi Rudoren on The New York Times.

(3) The Importance of Legal Advice while Fighting Terrorism: Eli Behar (The Israel Democracy Institute) (Hebrew).

(4) Asymmetries and Proportionalities: Laurie R. Blank (Emory School of Law) on The Hill

(5) Operation Protective Edge: Legality and Legitimacy: Pnina Sharvit-Baruch (INSS)

Discussion: Can Israel Cut Water and Electricity to The Gaza Strip?

(1) "Israel May Stop Supplying Water and Electricity to Gaza": A Legal Opinion by Kohelet Forum's Prof. Avi Bell. The legal opinion that was submitted to the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.

(2) "Israel is not allowed to cut the supply of electricity and water to the Gaza Strip": A contrary Legal Opinion submitted by 12 international law academic experts to the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.

(3) Comments regarding the supply of electricity and water to Gaza. The opinion of Prof. Daniel Friedmann, former Minister of Justice. (Hebrew)


(4) "Can Israel Cut Off Water and Power to Gaza?" Kevin Jon Heller (published on Opinio Juris)

(5) "Would It be Lawful for Israel to Shut off Electricity to Gaza?" Prof. Eric Posner

(6) Cutting off Electricity and Water for the Gaza Strip- Limits under international law Prof. Michael Bothe